Simpsons Reach 500; Why Being Pregnant at Work Could Put Your Job at Risk

TV Weekend: The Simpsons At 500

 

FOX

Is there anything left to say about The Simpsons? Is there anything left to be said by The Simpsons? Maybe not on either count, but the show has, despite some recent contract-negotiation drama, kept chugging along past landmark after landmark. Sunday night, it sails past its latest marker with episode 500, “At Long Last Leave.”

I was recently asked my favorite Simpsons episodes,* an impossible task considering the show has had more couch gags than Ikea has couches. I figured the most honest way to decide, rather than go back and look over a complete list, was to come up with them off the top of my head. It probably won’t surprise you that every single episode I came up with was from the show’s first decade. I would love to write the contrarian article saying that 2000s Simpsons is better than 1990s Simpsons, but come on.

*(Since you’re wondering: no, I won’t list them all, because there are too many that I love. But the best is “Homer’s Enemy.” Period. I shall not hear it gainsaid!)

That said, the whole question of whether The Simpsons should go off the air doesn’t excite me, because it’s moot. The Simpsons, which is to say the classic, worldview-defining show that provided me a memorable quote for pretty much every occasion in life, already went off the air. It had a great run–eight or ten years, depending who’s counting, which is far, far longer than even most great TV shows maintain their greatness.

It was replaced by a second Simpsons,** which began around the late ’90s, give or take. This was not as great a show, it was less focused on the Simpsons as a family unit, and in some ways wasn’t even really a sitcom, so much as an institution, like Saturday Night Live, which became known for its famous guest cameos and its parodies and takes on topical issues. It was a lesser show, but that was fine; the world also needs comedies that are just often pretty funny, and to me its existence took nothing away from the preceding seasons.

**[This is a very crude and broad division, I admit. Within the first Golden Age of The Simpsons, you could also define separate periods: the first couple seasons, for instance, were much more based on realistic family comedy, while later years moved into more fanciful, if no less hilarious and meaningful, stories about space trips and monorails. And the latter Silver--or Bronze--Era of The Simpsons had its variations too. In the past couple of years it's become more family-focused again, and is still capable of world-class episodes like the recent "Holidays of Future Passed." The Simpsons movie too, if you count that, stands up with most of the show's first-decade greatness.]

The Simpsons takes its half-millennium bow Sunday with “At Long Last Leave,” an episode that spoofs… The Simpsons. Like the Seinfeld finale, the episode looks back on the series’ history by asking: how could the rest of the world tolerate being disturbed by this family for so long? The answer is that it can’t; the townspeople of Springfield finally respond to decades of shenanigans and property damage by ostracizing the Simpsons, who relocate to an outcast’s camp in the country. The episode, true to form, makes room for guest voices–notably Wikileaks’ Julian Assange–but the real stars are the central characters, and their history, with gags referencing how Homer’s voice has changed since the first episodes and how disturbing it is that Maggie is a baby, yet never cries.

Is it a great episode? It’s… all right! It recalls some of the show’s earlier better work, some of the gags feel forced by the writers’ room, and yet a few moments made me bark out loud and realize why I loved the show in the first place. Pretty much exactly, in other words, what this iteration of The Simpsons is meant to do.

But I’ve gone on too long. If I know the Internet, you’ve been waiting all this time to tell me why I’m out of my mind and “Homer’s Enemy” is not the greatest Simpsons of all time by a long shot. So break out your chalk and write your favorite episode in the comments.  Register your disgust throughout the world!

Read more: http://entertainment.time.com/2012/02/17/tv-weekend-the-simpsons-at-500/#ixzz1mfF8LAdw

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Pregnant at Work? Why Your Job Could Be at Risk

Not all employers wish their pregnant employees well: the number of pregnancy-related discrimination charges have jumped by 35% in the past decade

Garry Wade / Stone+ / Getty Images

Everyone loves a pregnant woman, right? Not exactly. Her employer, for one, might not be so thrilled, according to experts who spoke at a federal hearing called Wednesday in Washington, D.C., by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).

More than 30 years ago, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act was enacted to protect pregnant women, who have increasingly chosen to work while pregnant. With my first two children, I reported to my newspaper job until the day before I gave birth; I delivered my third just a few hours after leaving work. In a country that doesn’t offer mandatory paid maternity leave, I didn’t want to burn any of my time off. But while I was busy churning out articles, plenty of women were being demoted or losing their jobs while pregnant.

In fact, the number of pregnancy-related discrimination charges have jumped by 35% in the past decade; 1 in 5 discrimination charges leveled by women is associated with pregnancy, according to the EEOC. Since 2001, the agency has handled 52,000 pregnancy cases that amounted to $150.5 million in damage. “Pregnancy discrimination persists in the 21st century workplace, unnecessarily depriving women of the means to support their families,” said Jacqueline Berrien, chairwoman of the EEOC, which is inviting the public to submit comments through the end of the month on pregnancy discrimination in the workplace at commissionmeetingcomments@eeoc.gov.

Now consider that women comprise 47% of this country’s workforce and are the primary — or co-primary — earners in nearly two-thirds of families, and you can see why getting fired because you want to expand your family could present a multifaceted problem. This is why, Judith Lichtman, senior adviser for the National Partnership for Women & Families, told the commission, “women cannot afford to lose their jobs or income due to pregnancy or childbirth.”

(MORE: ‘The Pregnancy Project’: Why One Girl Decided to Fake Her Baby Bump)

Yet panelists offered numerous instances of discrimination: harassment and hostility on the part of employers, decreased hours, forced unpaid leave. Joan Williams, director of the Center for WorkLife Law at the University of California, Hastings College of the Law, told of a pregnant employee who wasn’t allowed to alter her uniform to accommodate her growing belly; instead, she was made to go on leave when she could no longer squeeze into it. And women aren’t the only ones being impacted: men who’ve requested leave for caregiving reasons report being penalized because caring for family members — babies or otherwise — is considered women’s work.

Perhaps those most affected are those who can least weather job loss: low-wage workers in the services industry, where work schedules can be inflexible or completely unpredictable.

Once women give birth, the discrimination continues in the form of the “motherhood wage penalty” of up to 5% per child — even after controlling for education and experience. “Motherhood constitutes a significant risk factor for poverty,” said Stephen Benard, a sociologist at Indiana University, who noted that “the gender gap in wages may be primarily a motherhood gap.”

(MORE: Study: Why Maternity Leave Is Important)

Is there anything that can be done? Better enforcement of existing laws and enhanced guidance to employers on how to comply could help. And the EEOC was urged to establish a task force made up of the EEOC and members of the U.S. Department of Labor, the Department of Justice and the Office of Personnel Management to further examine the issue. Will that suddenly change things for the better? Unlikely, but it’s worth a shot. As Lichtman observed, “Working women, caregivers and their families depend on the guarantee of equal opportunity in the workplace.” And yet, she noted, “The discrimination faced by pregnant workers and caregivers has persisted for decades, despite the laws and court decisions that sought to root out such discrimination long ago.”

The elusive work-life balance remains a work in progress.

Read more: http://healthland.time.com/2012/02/16/pregnant-at-work-why-your-job-could-be-at-risk/#ixzz1mfFQLFye

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